General dentistry is a branch of medicine involved in the care of teeth. It focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, study and treatment of a variety of disorders and conditions of the maxillofacial areas and associated structures in the human body, as well as the oral cavity. The oral cavity is simply a medical term for the mouth.
Persons who work in dentistry are known as dentists. Dentists are in a position of working in other medical field. Individuals in general dentistry work with a team including dental assistants, dental technicians, dental therapists and dental hygienists. In the society some people downplay the the need of dentistry. Dentistry in medical world is one of the major treatment. Mouth ailments are so predominant worldwide and it has been termed as a threat in community as medical complications. Teeth problems are common to middle class persons but it also affect all social class persons in the world.
General dentistry focuses on both preventative activities and therapeutic treatments. Periodontal diseases and tooth decays is what the dentist try to prevent from affecting people. The food consumed usually cause forming of acids and is deposited on the surface of the tooth and together with a bacteria the cause tooth decay or dental caries. The periodontal ailment usually causes pain in the periodontal tissues. The most commonly seen periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.
Dentistry treatment comprises of tooth filling, or it is like restoring a half-dead tooth, extraction of teeth that are worn out and cannot be fixed at all, topping teeth to be able to treat periodontal issues and the root canal in teeth.
All countries have their laws to govern what an individual who think dentistry is their choice of career have to follow. Some countries they must take at least two year of undergraduate course. Most go on to complete a full BA degree before pursuing specific dentistry training. Once done with the undergraduate training, an individual who wish to pursue with dentistry has to take four years studying in a dental college to qualify as a dentist. Once completed, the student will qualify as a Doctor of Dental Surgery or a Doctor of Dental Medicine.
General dentistry training allows a dentist to carry out most dental treatments. The most common ones like fillings, crowns, bridges, root canals, teeth extraction and periodontal therapy can be completed by an individual who has completed all the training for general dentistry. They can be able to prescribe any medication like sedatives or antibiotic once done with the whole course of dentistry. Taking x-rays and examining patients and doing diagnoses is what dentists do on a daily basis.
Major role of a dentist is teaching people how to control mouth diseases. Education is crucial and includes teaching patients about proper hygiene and regular check-ups. By avoiding certain foods it can help in preventing the mouth diseases.